Communicable & Infectious Disease
June 2017 - Staying Health Around Animals this Fair Season
- Even healthy animals can carry Campylobacter, E. coli, Salmonella and other organisms that can cause diarrheal illness, and even life-threatening complications.
- In 2015, 23% of Montanans infected with Campylobacter reported contact with cattle or poultry; and in 2016 about 10% infected with Salmonella reported contact with live poultry.
- Illness can be prevented with proper hand washing, not eating or drinking in areas where animals are exhibited and supervising young children around animals.
April 2017 - Food Recall Notices
- Issuing food recall notices is an important step in preventing and controlling food-borne and waterborne illnesses and outbreaks.
- From 2012 to 2016, of the several hundred official food recall notices that were issued, two were part of national outbreaks involving Montana residents, chicken salad, and cucumbers.
- Food recalls are one part of a larger system to protect human and animal health that includes recalls of cosmetics, animal feed, medical products and other consumables coordinated by the USDA, FDA, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
December 2016 - World AIDs Day
September 2016 - Influenza
August 2016 - Immunization
- In Montana approximately 95% of kindergarteners are vaccinated against DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis), MMR (measles, mumps, rubella), and polio.
- School immunization rates are generally high; however areas exist where immunization rates aren’t high enough to protect children during an outbreak.
- All children in Montana are eligible to receive low or no cost vaccines through their health plan or the Vaccines for Children Program.
June 2016 - West Nile
- Spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito, West Nile Virus (WNV) has no specific treatment or vaccine, but you can reduce your risk by eliminating standing water near your property, using insect repellant, and wearing protective clothing.
- 4 out of 5 people infected with WNV will have no symptoms and develop immunity, 1 in 5 will develop a fever with other symptoms, and less than 1% develop a serious, sometimes fatal, neurologic illness.
- While the impact of WNV in Montana varies from year to year, risk is greatest east of the continental divide and in mid– to late summer.
April 2016 - Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
February 2016 - Zika
- Zika is a disease caused by Zika virus that is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species of mosquito not found in Montana; up-to-date precautions for travelers to and from Zika-affected areas have been issued.
- Only 1 in 5 of those infected will experience symptoms such as fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes), prior to recovery.
- Information on Zika is evolving quickly; it has been linked with miscarriages and serious birth defects including microcephaly.