Priority Area 2: Chronic Disease Prevention and Self-Management
Much of the chronic disease burden is attributable to a short list of key risk factors, including tobacco use, obesity, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition. Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable death, with 1,600 tobacco-related deaths occurring in Montana each year. Twenty-six percent of Montana adults and 33% of Montana youth currently use some type of tobacco product. This number is even higher for American Indians at 43% for adults and 40% for youth. Obesity results from a combination of poor dietary patterns and physical inactivity. More than one in ten Montana youth (12%) were obese in 2017 and one in four Montana adults (26%) in 2016. Again, this rate is much higher for Montana’s American Indian population at 20% for youth and 32% for adults. Forty-two percent of Montana adults and 72% of Montana youth do not meet the national physical activity recommendations. Montana ranks 46th in the nation for colorectal cancer screening, with only 62% of Montanans up-to-date with screening.