Data, Surveillance, and Epidemiology
How common is diabetes and prediabetes?
- About 77,000 Montana adults currently have diagnosed diabetes.1
- The percentage of Montana adults with diagnosed diabetes increased from 2.8% in 1990 to 9.3% in 2018.1
- Diabetes is more common among American Indians/Alaska Natives than White non-Hispanics in Montana. In 2018, 17.2% of American Indian/Alaska Natives in Montana reporting having diagnosed diabetes compared to 8.7% of White non-Hispanics.1
- In the US, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes increased from 1.5 million in 1958 to 23.1 million in 2015.2
- In 2017, 7.4% of Montana adults reported having prediabetes.1
- In the US, it is estimated that 84.1 million adults (33.9% of the adult US population) aged 18 years or older have prediabetes.2
- Montana Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 1990-2018.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Diabetes Statistics Report 2017.
What data sources inform us about pre-diabetes and diabetes?
The Montana Diabetes Program uses variety of data for diabetes surveillance and evaluation, reports, grant reporting, and to direct program decisions to reduce the prevalence of diabetes, the morbidity from diabetes, and the development of complications of diabetes among Montana residents. A list of data sets used is included below, and you can access the Public Health Data Resource Guide to learn more about them. Data sets do not contain information that can identify individuals.
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
- Birth and Death Records
- Montana Hospital and Emergency Department Discharge Data System
- Electronic Diabetes Quality Care Monitoring System (E-DQCMS)
- The E-DQCMS is a diabetes patient registry to support quality improvement (QI) in primary care and diabetes self-management education programs. This program tracks outcomes for diabetes management including A1C, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, tobacco cessation, immunizations, chronic kidney disease, foot care, and medication. See the quarterly QI reports for more information.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS)
- The CMS provides information on the prevalence, utilization, and Medicare spending for beneficiaries with chronic conditions, including diabetes. The agency produced the Medicare Chronic Conditions Dashboard where data can be viewed by region, state and county.
- American Diabetes Association (ADA)